MARTIN LUTHER KING ACADEMY

MARTIN LUTHER KING ACADEMY

Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family's long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. 

In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.

In1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his "Letter from a Birmingham Jail", a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, "l Have a Dream"

On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

Research
Council for European Studies
IPRAF
Peace Studies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Protest during Ukrainian Revolution
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Northern Europe Ranking International University Ranking   QS Southern Europe
ETUR Social Sciences
1 London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) 2
2 University of Oxford 3
3 University of Cambridge 4
4 London Business School 10
5 INSEAD 24
6 Università Bocconi 25
7 The University of Warwick 34
8 Erasmus University Rotterdam 34
9 The University of Manchester 38
10 Copenhagen Business School 38
Western Europe 11 UCL (University College London) 40 Eastern Europe
12 University of Amsterdam 42
13 Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne 50
14 HEC Paris 50
15 University of Edinburgh 52
16 King's College London (KCL) 53
17 University of Copenhagen 57
18 KU Leuven 59
19 ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology 60
20 Universität Mannheim 62
     
   
   
21 Sciences Po Paris 62
22 Aarhus University 62
23 Imperial College London 67
24 University of Bristol 69
25 Stockholm School of Economics 70
26 The University of Nottingham 74
27 Lancaster University 77
Central Europe 28 Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 77
29 Freie Universität Berlin 77
30 Stockholm University 81
31 Lund University 87
32 Trinity College Dublin 89
33 University of St.Gallen (HSG) 90
34 Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München 90
35 Durham University 92
36 Universitat Pompeu Fabra 93
37 Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL) 95
38 University of Bologna 99
39 University of Essex 100
40 Tilburg University 103
     
   
   
41 Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 103
42 Leiden University 103
43 Cardiff University 103
44 University of Zurich 107
45 University of Birmingham 110
46 University of Navarra 111
47 Université Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV) 115
48 Maastricht University 116
49 MSU (Lomonosov Moscow State University) 122
50 University of Bath 125
51 University of Glasgow 127
52 University of Oslo 132
53 City University London 132
54 Universidad Carlos III de Madrid 134
55 Utrecht University 134
56 Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg 134
57 University of Barcelona 139
58 University Complutense Madrid 139
59 Uppsala University 143
60 Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main 145
     
   
   
61 University of Leeds 150
62 VU University Amsterdam 150
63 University College Dublin 153
64 University of Vienna 153
65 University of Helsinki 155
66 University of Exeter 158
67 University of York 161
68 WU (Vienna University of Economics and Business) 161
69 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid 161
70 University of Sussex 166
71 University of Lausanne 168
72 The University of Sheffield 169
73 Oxford Brookes University 173
74 Politecnico di Milano 176
75 CEU (Central European University) 177
76 University of Strathclyde 179
77 Sapienza University of Rome 179
78 University of Groningen 182
79 Aalto University 186
80 Universität Hamburg 187
     
   
   
81 University of Bergen 187
82 Loughborough University 189
83 Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn 190
84 University of Gothenburg 191
85 Saint-Petersburg State University 191
86 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) 191
87 BI Norwegian Business School 191
88 SOAS - School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 197
89 Delft University of Technology 198
90 University of Warsaw 198
91 Universität zu Köln 200
92 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) 200
93 Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore 200
94 Cranfield University 200
95 University of Geneva 212
96 Aalborg University 215
97 Universität Konstanz 222
98 University of Southampton 230
99 University of Ghent 232
100 National Research University - Higher School of Economics (HSE) 232
         
       
       
    Database      
  1 Times Higher Educational World University Rankings      
  2 QS World University Ranking      
  3 ARWU (Shanghai Ranking)      
  4 CWTS Leiden Ranking      
  5 Emerging      
  6 Ranking Web of Universities      
  7 US News Education      
  8 The Complete University Guide      
  9 European Universities      
  10 Universities and Colleges in Europe      
  11 123 University      
Sponsorship Assessment